World Water Day: Consequences of its pollution

This March 22nd is World Water Day, a date established by the United Nations Organization (UN) that invites us to reflect on the consequences of the contamination of our vital liquid. We face a huge problem, so we need to explain to our children how we can take care of this essential resource.

The importance of water

Water is essential for the survival of the beings that inhabit the planet. There is no life, plain and straightforward, without water, but it is also crucial for socio-economic development, energy production, and adaptation to climate change.

Unfortunately, even though we know how important it is, many still do not understand that it is a non-renewable resource and that we, the people, are the main ones responsible for its pollution.

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Why is water polluted?

There are many reasons; these are the main ones.

  • Millions of tons of garbage and industrial waste are dumped into the seas.
  • The use of pesticides in agricultural fields; they seep into underground channels and reaches the consumer networks.
  • Accidental oil spills in the oceans. In addition to the small leaks that end up in the sea.
  • Maritime traffic. Waste from fishing boats and oil tankers.
  • Deforestation causes sediment and bacteria in the soil.
  • The increase in temperature on the planet decreases the oxygen in water composition.
  • Sewage. The United Nations Organization warned that more than 80% of wastewater reaches the oceans untreated.
  • We also contaminate water when it is not properly cleaned when we throw oil, medicine, or garbage down the drain after being used in homes.

What are the consequences of water pollution?

We can list the following:

  • The disappearance of biodiversity and aquatic ecosystems. If we don’t change our habits and stop the emission of pollutants, life in the oceans will be impossible.
  • Alteration of the food chain. We will no longer have fish for our consumption.
  • Lack of water
  • Diseases
  • Without water, many social conflicts, even wars, can break out.

How we help solve water pollution

  • • Through reforestation. Plant trees, especially on the banks of rivers and lakes, to protect the ecosystem.
  • With stricter protection laws. Involve industries to reduce hazardous materials and waste.
  • Reduce your ecological footprint. Try to avoid burning hydrocarbons (gasoline). Use the bike to get around.
  • The reduction of pesticides and chemicals in agriculture.
  • Eliminate the use of single-use plastics • Get informed and try to make others aware too.

World Water Day is celebrated every March 22nd to remember the relevance of this essential liquid. It’s time to pay attention. While most pollution comes from large industries, you can do a lot. Don’t litter, save water, don’t waste it. Remember: without water, there is no life.

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